Neighborhoods of refuge are urban places where homelessness, affordable housing, services, and social movements cluster.

They have formed largely as a result of discriminatory “containment policies” that aim to isolate the extremely poor and marginalized so that they do not interrupt (re)development in central, prime spaces.

But can become a “service hub” where the proximity of affordable housing and supportive services promotes conveniences and effectiveness, as well community identity, participation, and resistance to gentrification.

To better understand the social dynamics of these neighborhoods, we organized a series of photovoice workshops in Overtown, Miami.